Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron Deficiency Anemia

Hematology specialist in Pune

Anemia is defined as a reduced amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, which can lead to a shortage in the amount of oxygen that is carried to various parts of the body. This can lead to symptoms such as a pale appearance, weakness, fatigue, and breathlessness. In the case of iron deficiency anemia, inadequate amounts of hemoglobin (oxygen carrying compounds) are found in red blood cells. Hemoglobin contains one iron molecule at its core and if this iron is missing, red blood cells appear pale and small when viewed under the microscope.

Treatment to correct iron deficiency anemia involves the use of iron tablets or in severe cases, iron compound injections. Pregnant women are at an increased risk of iron deficiency anemia and may be prescribed iron pills during their pregnancy to meet the demands of the growing fetus.
Anemia can also be caused by excessive blood loss or certain diseases breaking down the red blood cells and hemoglobin.

A normal hematocrit range is 34.9 to 44.5 percent for adult women and 38.8 to 50 percent for adult men. The normal range for hemoglobin is 12.0 to 15.5 grams per deciliter for an adult woman and 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter for an adult man. In iron deficiency anemia, the hematocrit and hemoglobin levels are low. Also, RBCs are usually smaller in size than normal.

A CBC test is often performed as part of a routine physical examination. It’s a good indicator of a person’s overall health. It may also be performed routinely before a surgery. This test is useful to diagnose this type of anemia since most people who have an iron deficiency don’t realize it.

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